Mar 31, 2011

How To Generate Rich Text Box using Javascript


Screenshot for Editor

Rich Text entered into RTB

HTML in RTB

Download project

Introduction
If you are developing any site and in you site some section need user input in Richtext format then you can't use textarea because it's limitation is there. In market there are lots of control available freely and paid as well. But have you think ever how to develop our own text editor, so we can customize as per our choice, need. There is not Dll limitation.
Today I will show you how to develop your Richtext Box using Javascript and HTML with CSS.
I will not develop complete Richtext box here, but some basic of the Richtext Box and left remaining things for your exercise.

Add one HTML page to your project.

Then in head section add below style for DropDown list
<style type="text/css" media="screen,print">
.select
{
background-color:#CCCCCC;
border-width:1px;
font-family:Calibri,Verdana, Tahoma;
margin:0;
font-size:10px;
}
</style>
Add this line too in head section
<script type="text/javascript" src="Js/encoder.js"></script>
This is the file which encode and decode HTML tag to toggle between Design mode and HTML mode.

Add below code also inside head tag

<script type="text/javascript">
function Set()
{
getIFrameDocument("textEditor").designMode = "On";
getIFrameDocument("textEditor").focus();
}
function getIFrameDocument(editor)
{
// If Fire fox Mozilla
if (document.getElementById(editor).contentDocument)
{
return document.getElementById(editor).contentDocument;
}
// If Internet Explorer
else
{
// IE
return document.frames[editor].document;
}
}
</script>
// Set function to set the design mode on and focus as well. This function will get call once page loaded successfully.

// getIFrameDocument function will be used to check it's an IE or Fire Fox.

This is the another Javascript code snippets which will be used to edit the document text as per our command

add it to the head tag

<script type="text/javascript">
var isDesignMode = true;
function fontEdit(command, y)
{
switch (command)
{
case 'bold':
if (document.getElementById('bold').src.toString().indexOf("over") != -1)
{
document.getElementById('bold').src = "images/bold.gif";
}
else
{
document.getElementById('bold').src = "images/bold.over.gif";
}
break;
case 'italic':
if (document.getElementById('italic').src.toString().indexOf('over') != -1)
document.getElementById('italic').src = 'images/italic.gif';
else
document.getElementById('italic').src = 'images/italic.over.gif';
break;
case 'underline':
if (document.getElementById('underline').src.toString().indexOf('over') != -1)
document.getElementById('underline').src = 'images/underline.gif';
else
document.getElementById('underline').src = 'images/underline.over.gif';
break;
case 'justifyleft':
if (document.getElementById('justifyleft').src.toString().indexOf('over') != -1)
document.getElementById('justifyleft').src = 'images/justifyleft.gif';
else
document.getElementById('justifyleft').src = 'images/justifyleft.over.gif';
break;
case 'justifycenter':
if (document.getElementById('justifycenter').src.toString().indexOf('over') != -1)
document.getElementById('justifycenter').src = 'images/justifycenter.gif';
else
document.getElementById('justifycenter').src = 'images/justifycenter.over.gif';
break;
case 'justifyright':
if (document.getElementById('justifyright').src.toString().indexOf('over') != -1)
document.getElementById('justifyright').src = 'images/justifyright.gif';
else
document.getElementById('justifyright').src = 'images/justifyright.over.gif';
break;
case 'insertorderedlist':
if (document.getElementById('insertorderedlist').src.toString().indexOf('over') != -1)
document.getElementById('insertorderedlist').src = 'images/numberedlist.gif';
else
document.getElementById('insertorderedlist').src = 'images/numberedlist.over.gif';
break;
case 'insertunorderedlist':
if (document.getElementById('insertunorderedlist').src.toString().indexOf('over') != -1)
document.getElementById('insertunorderedlist').src = 'images/bulletedlist.gif';
else
document.getElementById('insertunorderedlist').src = 'images/bulletedlist.over.gif';
break;
case 'outdent':
if (document.getElementById('outdent').src.toString().indexOf('over') != -1)
document.getElementById('outdent').src = 'images/outdent.gif';
else
document.getElementById('outdent').src = 'images/outdent.over.gif';
break;
case 'indent':
if (document.getElementById('indent').src.toString().indexOf('over') != -1)
document.getElementById('indent').src = 'images/indent.gif';
else
document.getElementById('indent').src = 'images/indent.over.gif';
break;
case 'default':
break;
}
getIFrameDocument("textEditor").execCommand(command, "", y);
textEditor.focus();
}
function ChangeMode()
{
if (isDesignMode == true)
{
isDesignMode = false;
document.getElementById('mode').src = 'images/mode.html.gif';
document.getElementById('mode').title = 'HTML View';
Encoder.EncodeType = "entity";
var encoded = Encoder.htmlEncode(getIFrameDocument("textEditor").body.innerHTML);
getIFrameDocument("textEditor").body.innerHTML = encoded;
}
else
{
isDesignMode = true;
document.getElementById('mode').src = 'images/mode.design.gif';
document.getElementById('mode').title = 'Design View';
var decoded = Encoder.htmlDecode(getIFrameDocument("textEditor").body.innerHTML);
getIFrameDocument("textEditor").body.innerHTML = decoded;
}
}
</script>
Now javascript is over and we will add HTML code to the page.

Before that we will code Set function on page load event

like this
<body onload="Set()">
And code is as below.

<div style="background-color:#CCCCCC;width:500px;">
<a onclick="javascript:fontEdit('bold')">
<img id="bold" src="images/bold.gif" alt="Bold" title="Bold" style="height: 20px; width: 21px;border:none;"/>
</a>
<a onclick="javascript:fontEdit('italic')">
<img id="italic" src="images/italic.gif" alt="" title="Italic" style="height: 20px; width: 21px;border:none;"/>
</a>
<a onclick="javascript:fontEdit('underline')">
<img id="underline" src="images/underline.gif" alt="" title="Underline" style="height: 20px; width: 21px;border:none;"/>
</a>
<img id="sep1" src="images/sep.gif" alt="" style="height: 16px; width: 1px;border:none;" />
<a onclick="javascript:fontEdit('justifyleft')">
<img id="justifyleft" src="images/justifyleft.gif" alt="" title="Justify Left" style="height: 20px; width: 21px;border:none;" />
</a>
<a onclick="javascript:fontEdit('justifycenter')">
<img id="justifycenter" src="images/justifycenter.gif" alt="" title="Justify Center" style="height: 20px; width: 21px;border:none;"/>
</a>
<a onclick="javascript:fontEdit('justifyright')">
<img id="justifyright" src="images/justifyright.gif" alt="" title="Justify Right" style="height: 20px; width: 21px;border:none;" />
</a>
<img id="sep2" src="images/sep.gif" alt="" style="height: 16px; width: 1px;border:none;" />
<a onclick="javascript:fontEdit('insertorderedlist')">
<img id="insertorderedlist" src="images/numberedlist.gif" alt="" title="Order List" style="height: 20px; width: 21px;border:none;" />
</a>
<a onclick="javascript:fontEdit('insertunorderedlist')">
<img id="insertunorderedlist" src="images/bulletedlist.gif" alt="" title="Bullets List" style="height: 20px; width: 21px;border:none;" />
</a>

<a onclick="javascript:fontEdit('outdent')">
<img id="outdent" src="images/outdent.gif" alt="" title="Outdent" style="height: 20px; width: 21px;border:none;" />
</a>

<a onclick="javascript:fontEdit('indent')">
<img id="indent" src="images/indent.gif" alt="" title="Indent" style="height: 20px; width: 21px;border:none;" />
</a>
<a onclick="ChangeMode()">
<img id="mode" src="images/mode.design.gif" alt="" title="Design View" style="height: 20px; width: 21px;border:none;" />
</a>
</div>
<div style="background-color:#CCCCCC;width:497px;padding-left:3px;">
<select id="fonts" class="select" onchange="fontEdit('fontname',this[this.selectedIndex].value)">
<option value="Arial">Font</option>
<option value="Arial">Arial</option>
<option value="Courier New">Courier New</option>
<option value="Monotype Corsiva">Monotype</option>
<option value="Tahoma">Tahoma</option>
<option value="Times">Times</option>
</select>
<select id="size" class="select" onchange="fontEdit('fontsize',this[this.selectedIndex].value)">
<option value="0">Size</option>
<option value="1">1</option>
<option value="2">2</option>
<option value="3">3</option>
<option value="4">4</option>
<option value="5">5</option>
</select>
<select id="color" class="select" onchange="fontEdit('ForeColor',this[this.selectedIndex].value)">
<option value="color">Color</option>
<option style="color: black;" value="black">Black</option>
<option style="color: red;" value="red">Red</option>
<option style="color: blue;" value="blue">Bblue</option>
<option style="color: green;" value="green">Green</option>
<option style="color: #3b3b3b;" value="pink">Pink</option>
</select>
</div>
<iframe id="textEditor" style="width: 500px; height: 170px;" scrolling="no">
</iframe>

That's it, and we are done.

Just run the html page and you can see a nice Rich Text Box.

This code is tested in IE 8.0, Fire Fox 3.6.8 and Google Chrome 10.0.648.204.

There are some toolbar image quality issues that you can fix at your end.

So start improving Rich Text Box Editor and share it with our community over here.


3 comments:

forum widget

fantastic post ! I was trying to generate rich text box using java script but getting some error. Let me try your shared code. I hope that it would work good.

Anonymous

Hi,
its a pretty good editor, but can you please, post a link for encode.js ?
thanks.

Tarun Dudhatra

Hi

You can download whole project code from the below url

http://publisharticle.in/download/FreeTextEditor.zip

Thanks

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